Technical and vocational education in Maharashtra
The Directorate of Vocational Education & Training, Mumbai(DVET) established in the year 1984, previously a part ofDirectorate of Technical Education, governs the technical andvocations education and training in Maharashtra state. Decisionof establishing separate Directorate was taken considering theincrease in the number of ITIs, Technical High Schools &+2Level Junior Colleges and to ensure effective implementationof Vocational Education & Training Schemes in the state ofMaharashtra. The Directorate of Vocational Education &Training has been further divided into Training and Vocational Education, both headed by a Director.
The activities of the Directorate of Vocational Education & Training cover :
- Pre-Vocational Education the Secondary level,
- Vocational Courses at +2 stage
Bifocal Vocational Courses
b. H.S.C. Vocational Courses
- Certificate courses of Maharashtra State Board of Vocational Examination,
- Craftsman Training Courses,
- Apprenticeship Courses under the Apprentices Act, 1961,
- Government Technical High School / Center cum Industrial Schools,
- Part – Time classes for Industrial Work,
- Advanced Vocational Training Scheme
The advancements in technology necessitated starting new courses in the new and emerging areas to cater to the needs of industry and society. Therefore, the permission to the non-aided institutes was granted for the courses in new and emerging technologies. Thus, non-conventional degree and diploma courses titled Industrial Electronics, Computer and Information Technology, Petroleum and Polymer, Biomedical Engineering, Construction Technology, etc. were granted permission. Similarly, diploma courses such as Leather Technology, Packaging Technology, Foundry Technology, Tool Design, Plastics and Polymer Engineering, etc. are also started through Government institutions under the World Bank assisted project.
Standing of Pune and Mumbai Universities since more than 100 years has been a major contributing factor for the development of many World renowned educational Institutes like Veermata Jeejabai Technical Institute, Mumbai, College of Engineering, Pune, Institute of Science, Mumbai, University of Chemical Technology, Mumbai. These Universities created conducive environment for setting up of large number of Educational Institutes in these regions. This, along with forward looking policy of the State Government resulted in influx of large number of students to these regions from all over India and abroad too. The peaceful, stable and open culture of our State is also a major contributing factor in the growth of education sector.
Industrial background, Establishment of IT parks and SEZs: In terms of per capita income, Maharashtra is among the richest Indian states. Establishment of Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation in 1962 led to the Industrial revolution in the State. The key historical policy decisions taken by the State certainly changed the social economic scenario of the state as Industrial activities spread in the interior. Industrial growth stabilized the population base near the industrial areas developed in western parts of Maharashtra especially the Automobile hub in Pune houses major companies like Tata Motors, Bajaj Auto, General Motors etc.
IT parks in Navi Mumbai, Hinjewadi, Pune, SEEPZ, Andheri in Mumbai have established scores of IT, IT-enabled services and business process outsourcing units. Industrial development in the Mumbai, Pune, Nashik and Aurangabad region resulted in huge requirement of skilled technical manpower. This has fueled growth of Educational Institutes in the western Maharashtra creating manpower as per the needs of the industry.
Government of Maharashtra has undertaken ambitious plan for industrial development. Seventy-one special economic zones with an investment of Rs 32000 crore have been approved. Many more are in pipeline. The leaders in industry and their associations have been urging the government to step up quality and quantity of engineers and managers. Professionals from other States and countries with increased mobility are coming in our State. From world experience it is realized that sustaining and increasing rate of growth in competitive environment is not a contribution of capital investment alone. It requires highly qualified and trained human resources. Professionals are required to be competent by nothing less than global standards. This requirement is fulfilled to a large extent by the Institutes established in Mumbai and Pune region.