Transport network in Maharashtra Spreading across 267,452 kilometres, the road network of Maharashtra is the largest within the country. The six neighbouring states of Maharashtra geographic area are connected via 17 National Highways. Maharashtra conjointly features an immense highway network with a complete length of 3688 kilometres. As of March 2010, 97.5 per cent of the villages within the state were connected by roads which will face up to all climatic conditions. In April 2002, India got its initial totally operational as per the 2011 census, the population of the Maharashtra state is 11.24 crores and is that the second largest inhabited state. Population share is 9.3 % against total population of India. Urban Population is 45.2 % whereas rural population is 54.8 percent.
The Transport network in Maharashtra primarily consists of Roadways, Railways, Airways and waterways.
Roadways: The road Transport network in Maharashtra is the benchmark of the Maharashtra transportation. Connecting all the cities and villages the road transport is that the most popular one. The capital town of the state has city Central Station as its interstate bus terminus and Asiad Bus indicate among the state and connects all the cities and cities and villages. the opposite necessary bus stations ar at Nagpur, Nasik, Ratnagiri, Aurangabad, Kolahpur etc. aside from the MSRTC (Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation) personal luxury buses are out there that are plying between the Cities with the holidaymaker destinations. Recently designed six lane categorical main road Between Mumbai and Pune, the primary controlled – access motorway created the journey swish between 2 points .Up to March, 2015 the entire Road Length maintained by public works Department and native bodies within the state is 2.94 lakh kms, out of that total surface road is 2.45 lakh kms. The entire Road Length per 100 sq. km. of geographic region is 96 km in 2014-15. The overall Vehicles employed in the State are 2,78,69,866 & variety of vehicles per lakh population is 24800 in 2015-16.
The total variety of registered automobiles in Maharashtra State, redoubled from 3,07,030 as on 31st March, 1971 to 2,78,69,866 as on 31st March, 2016. the expansion in vehicle population stood at 9077% throughout 45 years. 2 wheelers contribute 73.04% of total vehicles on roads, as on 31.03.2016 whereas it absolutely was 28.25% as on 31.03.1971. The share of cars, jeeps and taxis within the total number of vehicles on roads was at 14.99% as on 31st March, 2016 creating a steep decline from 44.55% as on 31st March, 1971. Share of buses reduced from 2.93% as on 31st March 1971 to 0.47% as on 31st March, 2016. Goods vehicles, accounted for 17.39% as on 31st March, 1971 reduced to 5.17% within the State as on 31st March, 2016. Other vehicles, which embody tractors, trailers, 3 wheelers (passenger) and alternative miscellaneous vehicles marginally reduced from 6.87 like on 31st March, 1971 to 6.32% as on 31st March, 2016.
Railways: – Railway is that the lifeline of Transport network in Maharashtrat infrastructure having network of 6,226 km., that includes of 5,661 km. of railroad lines & 459 kilometre. of narrow gauge lines & 106 km. of meter gauge lines. The rail traffic in Maharashtra falls below the Central, Western, Konkan, South-East Central, South Central divisions. One of the most important project viz. the Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) evolved by Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) aims to develop world category infrastructure for an economical, safe & property railway in Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
The Central Railways with its headquarter in Mumbai kind the brain and nerves of the railway transportation in Maharashtra. City is connected to the remainder of country by central and western railway lines. The trains from most central, southern and eastern regions reach city’s Central Railway Terminus (CST) whereas the trains from northern region reach Mumbai Central Western Terminus. There area unit direct trains connecting all the cities and cities of the state to every alternative also on the foremost cities of the country. The luxurious looking at train Deccan Odyssey with all its five star comforts is another marvel of the Indian railways that starts from city.
Airways: The State of Maharashtra has four International Airports placed at Mumbai, Pune, Aurangabad & Nagpur. These airports also are handling domestic passengers. Excluding these four airports there are domestic airports at Kolhapur, Solapur and; Nanded. Air a shipment service that commenced at Ojhar airport in September, 2011 in Nashik district, have helped to de-congest traffic at Mumbai Airport and is additionally value effective for Import-Export Traders.
Flying over the state of Maharashtra with too several beaches and hill stations is also in itself a pleasure. Its capital is that the international metropolis therefore well connected with all the most important cities of the globe. The Chatturpati Shivaji International airport is the biggest international airport with another turning out at Navi Mumbai. Nagpur is that the second city with the international airport and has regular flights for Dubai and Bangkok. Pune with the restricted capability international airport has restricted flights for Dubai and Singapore. Mumbai’s Santa Cruz on airports of different giant towns: Aurangabad, Nasik, Ratnagiri and Kolahpur have daily domestic flights connecting the state with all the cities of the country. All the domestic airlines like Jet airways, Indian Airlines, Air Sahara, kingfisher Airlines, Spice Jet, Air Deccan and Go Airways have their service to these airports.
Waterways: to overcome the adversities of the ocean, the government will adopt advanced technology to beat the challenges posed by the rough ocean for water transport on the West Coast between Nariman point and Borivali.
The government is preparing a fallibleness report commissioned to specialists from the IITs and it might be followed by a method of issue tenders. Projects on the East Coast, on Thane, Kalyan, Mira Road, Bhayander and Vasai, those have already in progress and would be completed by 2018. Water Transport network in Maharashtra can facilitate cross longer distances in shorter time. It will be an inexpensive and a pollution free mode of transport. With a 720 km coastal stretch, government has to create most of the offered shore. The midland water Transport network in Maharashtra can open up new travel ways that transferral a breather to city.