Maharashtra is the third largest state (in area) in India after Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It covers an area of 307,713 km2 and is bordered by the states of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east,Telangana to the southeast, Karnataka to the south and Goa to the southwest. The state of Gujarat lies to the northwest, with the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli squeeze in between the borders.
The Arabian Sea makes up Maharashtra’s west coast. Maharashtra consists of two major relief divisions. The plateau is a part of the Deccan tableland and theKonkancoastal strip bordering on the Arabian Sea.
In the below map we can see the location of Maharashtra in Indian map. We can see the districts of Maharashtra on the map as well.
Fig: Political Map of Maharashtra
Maharashtra is located in the north center of Peninsular India. It is borderedwith Arabian Sea through its port of Mumbai. Maharashtra has a remarkable physical similarity, enforced by its fundamental geology.
The rivers like Krishna and Godavari and their tributaries have engraved the plateau into alternating broad-river valleys and intervening higher lever interfluves, such as the Ahmednagar, Buldana, and Yavatmal plateau.
The dominant physical trait of the state is its plateau character; Maharashtra’s western part of coastal plains, western upturned rims rising to form the Sahayadri Range and its slopes gently descending towards the east and southeast.
The Sahayadri Range is the physical backbone of Maharashtra. Rising on an average to an elevation of 1000m.itmakes steep cliffs, to the Konkan coast on the west. Eastwards, the hill country falls in steps through a transitional area known as Malwa to the plateau level. The series of crowning plateaux1564 on the crest forms a distinctive feature of the Sahayadri Range.
The Satpuras, hills along the northern border, and the Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri Ranges on the eastern border form physical barriers preventing easy movement, but also serve as natural limits to the state.
The Konkan, lying between the Arabian Sea and the Sahayadri Range is narrow coastal lowland, hardly 50 km wide. Although,these are below 200 m., it is far from being a plain country. Highly dissected and broken, the Konkan alternates between narrow, steep-sided valleys and low laterite plateau.